Cardiology is a branch of cardiac medicine that deals with conditions affecting the heart and various blood-circulatory system components.
Coronary artery disease (heart artery blockages), valvular heart disease, congenital heart disease, hypertension (high blood pressure), heart failure, and electrical rhythm abnormalities are all included in the field’s cardiac diagnosis and therapy.
Because it harms the lining of the arteries and increases their susceptibility to plaque formation, this causes the hearts and the brain’s arteries to become more narrow; high blood pressure is a significant contributor to heart disease and stroke.
The risk of heart disease can increase by double with high LDL cholesterol. This is because too much cholesterol can accumulate in artery walls and restrict blood flow to a person’s heart, brain, kidneys, other organs, and legs.
Adults with diabetes are at higher risk of developing heart disease or stroke than those without the disease. Diabetes-related elevated blood sugar can harm cardiac blood arteries and obstruct the brain’s blood supply, causing a stroke.
More than two-thirds of people with diabetes also have excessive blood pressure. Triglycerides and LDL cholesterol are also increased in diabetes.
Smoking is a significant cause of heart disease and stroke. Smoking results in:
Overweight or obese individuals have more chances to develop heart disease, stroke, and risk factors, such as high blood pressure, high LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, high triglycerides, and type 2 diabetes, compared to those who are at a healthy weight.
Eating a balanced diet can decrease the likelihood of developing heart disease.
Even those without additional risk factors for heart disease can get the condition through a lack of physical activity. It can raise the likelihood of additional risk factors such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, and high cholesterol.
One of the best cardiologists in Nagpur, Dr. Vaibhav Agarwal, provides best care to many foreign and Indian patients who have experienced acute heart attacks. Nagpur people also regard him as the city’s go-to cardiologist.